When the concept of Permaculture arrived on our shores from Australia in the early eighties various converts, including Patrick went about adapting some of the techniques for our northern temperate climate. In Patrick’s case this resulted in The Earth Care Manual: A Permaculture Handbook for Britain and other Temperate Climates and others such as Martin Crawford (How To Create A Forest Garden), Graham Burnett (A beginners Guide to Permaculture) and Graham Bell (The Permaculture Garden) have made their own invaluable contributions.
European permaulture continues to evolve and grow as permaculturists experiment and share their discoveries via blogs, articles and books. Whatever form they take, these practitioners’ offerings contribute hugely to our collective wisdom and I am always grateful when teaching to be able to say: “here is a working example…”
In April the book Miraculous Abundance by Perrine & Charles Herve-Gruyer will be released, adding another gem to the permaculture library. The authors run a market garden, Ferme du Bec Hellouin in Northern France, but not your usual market garden. They started their project with the intention of exploring ecologically sound food growing practices, despite neither of them having previous experience of farming. Untainted by knowledge of conventional western practices they took on the principles of permaculture and drew upon sources as varied as the practices of 19th century Parisian Market Gardener’s and Amazonian tribes people. Their faith in the principles carried them through the inevitable bumps of a new and ambitious project (while learning as they went and having the occasional baby!) and in the past 10 years they have created a garden so abundantly productive that they are now working with a French university to record and report their methods and yields. They have caught the attention of other institutions too, including European agencies responsible for planning food security strategies, and they have significantly raised interest in Permaculture in France.
Not only are their food yields incredibly high, but their garden is a haven of biodiversity and a place of real joy to live and work. Their exploration has led to something incredibly important for mankind – agriculture which is not just sustainable but restorative. This book chronicles their fascinating journey and unique approach.
Closer to home a new farm has been born close to Totnes in Devon. Huxhams Cross Farm was taken on by Marina Brown-O’Connell who, while running the Apricot Centre has acquired much experience of farming with a focus on local organic and biodynamic food, education and well-being. From her existing farm in Essex she now brings her expertise to Devon.
The farm was designed during a Permaculture Design Course laid on for the purpose at Dartington Hall last year. The group came up with a beautiful design which includes soil-building leys and windbreaks in phase one to be followed by agroforestry (fruit trees with alley rotations of grains, pulses and potatoes) and cows and turkeys grazed on green manure pastures. I look forward to seeing the design take shape and being able to refer to another great example of what is possible. I’m sure I will be writing more about Huxhams Cross in the future.
There are many more examples we can take inspiration and guidance from to enable all of us to put theory in the practice. Who knows, our own experimentation may lead to new breakthroughs in permaculture!
Here are some good blogs to check out:
Deano Martin’s The Sustainable Smallholding
Chris Smaje’s Small Farm Future
Kay Hebbourn’s This Week in The Garden
Charles Dowding’s No Dig Gardening Forum